SEMINÁRIO DE OBRAS FILOSÓFICAS (MODERNA)

David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature

 

Prof. Nythamar de Oliveira

 

PONTIFÍCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL

PRÓ-REITORIA DE GRADUAÇÃO

COORDENADORIA DE DESENVOLVIMENTO ACADÊMICO

PLANO DE DISCIPLINA

 

1 DADOS DE IDENTIFICAÇÃO

1.1 FACULDADE DE FILOSOFIA E CIÊNCIAS HUMANAS

1.2 DEPARTAMENTO DE FILOSOFIA

1.3 CURSO FILOSOFIA TURMA: 256

1.4 DISCIPLINA SEMINÁRIO DE OBRAS FILOSÓFICAS : DAVID HUME

1.5 CRÉDITOS 04 1.6 CARGA HORÁRIA 60 1.7 ANO/SEMESTRE 2012/1

1.8 PROFESSOR NYTHAMAR DE OLIVEIRA

 

2 EMENTA

Leitura, interpretação e explicação de duas obras filosóficas clássicas do período moderno. Produção e apresentação de comentários sobre as obras escolhidas.

 

3 OBJETIVOS

Introduzir o estudante a problemas contemporâneos de Filosofia Moderna, oferecendo leituras aprofundadas dos três livros que compõem o Tratado da Natureza Humana, de David Hume (Treatise of Human Nature, 1739), e textos correlatos.

 

4 CONTEÚDO

Aprofundamento teórico-conceitual de problemas da Filosofia Moderna a partir da leitura do Tratado da Natureza Humana, de David Hume; fundacionismo, racionalismo, empirismo, naturalismo; teorias do eu; não-cognitivismo; ceticismo.

 

5 PROCEDIMENTOS METODOLÓGICOS

Leituras semanais; avaliações periódicas; exposição e apresentações em sala de aula.

 

6 RECURSOS

Website: http://www.nythamar.com/hume.html

 

Links indicados no website da disciplina; video clips; recursos audiovisuais

 

7 PROCEDIMENTOS E CRITÉRIOS DE AVALIAÇÃO

Duas ou três notas obtidas através de provas escritas (com questões de identificação e questões dissertativas) e/ou trabalhos de pesquisa bibliográfica (papers de 5 a 8 páginas; tópico e bibliografia a serem previamente discutidos com o professor). Auto-avaliação em sala de aula. Avaliação de trabalho em grupo. Critérios de avaliação: redação (ortografia, sintaxe, estilo), objetividade, clareza e coerência argumentativa.

 

8 CRONOGRAMA

2/03 : Introdução à Filosofia Moderna : David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature (in English)

Tratado de la naturaleza humana

9/03 : Prefácio e Livro I: Do Entendimento.
Introduction. Book I. Of the Understanding. Of Ideas, Their Origin, Composition, Connexion, Abstraction, etc. Of the Origin of Our Ideas. Division of the Subject. Of the Ideas of the Memory and Imagination. Of the Connexion Or Association of Ideas. Of Relations. Of Modes and Substances Of Abstract Ideas. Of the Ideas of Space and Time. Of the Infinite Divisibility of Our Ideas of Space and Time. Of the Infinite Divisibility of Space and Time. Of the Other Qualities of Our Idea of Space and Time. Objections Answered. Of the Idea of Existence, and of External Existence. Of Knowledge and Probability. Of Knowledge. Of Probability, and of the Idea of Cause and Effect. Why A Cause is Always Necessary.

16/03 : Of the Component Parts of Our Reasonings Concerning Cause and Effect. Of the Impressions of the Senses and Memory. Of the Inference From the Impression to the Idea. Of the Nature of the Idea Or Belief. Of the Causes of Belief. Of the Effects of Other Relations and Other Habits. Of the Influence of Belief. Of the Probability of Chances. Of the Probability of Causes. Of Unphilosophical Probability. Of the Idea of Necessary Connexion. Rules by Which to Judge of Causes and Effects. Of the Reason of Animals. Of the Sceptical and Other Systems of Philosophy.

23/03 : Of Scepticism with Regard to Reason. Of Scepticism with Regard to the Senses. Of the Antient Philosophy. Of the Modern Philosophy. Of the Immateriality of the Soul. Of Personal Identity. Conclusion of This Book.

30/03 : Livro II: Das Paixões
Book II. Of the Passions. Of Pride and Humility. Division of the Subject Of Pride and Humility, Their Objects and Causes. Whence These Objects and Causes Are Derived. Of the Relations of Impressions and Ideas. Of the Influence of These Relations On Pride and Humility. Limitations of This System. Of Vice and Virtue. Of Beauty and Deformity. Of External Advantages and Disadvantages.

06/04 : Páscoa

13/04: Of Property and Riches. Of the Love of Fame. Of the Pride and Humility of Animals. Of Love and Hatred. Of the Object and Causes of Love and Hatred. Experiments to Confirm This System. Difficulties Solved. Of the Love of Relations. Of Our Esteem for the Rich and Powerful. Of Benevolence and Anger Of Compassion. Of Malice and Envy. Of the Mixture of Benevolence and Anger with Compassion and Malice.

20/04: Of Respect and Contempt. Of the Amorous Passion, Or Love Betwixt the Sexes. Of the Love and Hatred of Animals. Of the Will and Direct Passions. Of Liberty and Necessity. Of the Influencing Motives of the Will. Of the Causes of the Violent Passions. Of the Effects of Custom. Of the Influence of the Imagination on the Passions. Of Contiguity and Distance in Space and Time. The same subject continued. Of the Direct Passions. Of Curiosity, Or the Love of Truth.

27/04: 1a. avaliação escrita (prova objetiva)

4/05: Livro III: Da Moral
Book III. Of Morals. Of Virtue and Vice in General. Moral Distinctions Not Derived from Reason. Moral Distinctions Derived from a Moral Sense. Of Justice and Injustice. Justice, Whether A Natural Or Artificial Virtue?. Of the Origin of Justice and Property.

11/05: Of the Rules Which Determine Property. Of the Transference of Property by Consent. Of the Obligation of Promises. Some Farther Reflections Concerning Justice and Injustice. Of the Origin of Government.

18/05: Of the Source of Allegiance Of the Measures of Allegiance. Of the Objects of Allegiance. Of the Laws of Nations. Of Chastity and Modesty. Of the Other Virtues and Vices. Of the Origin of the Natural Virtues and Vices.

25/05: . Of Greatness of Mind. Of Goodness and Benevolence. Of Natural Abilities. Some Farther Reflections Concerning the Natural Virtues. Conclusion of This Book. Appendix

Sexta-Feira Dia 25/05 (manhã e tarde): Workshop com o Prof. Prinz, juntamente com o Grupo Quiron/Chiron na Unisinos

1/06: 2a. Avaliação escrita

8/06: Revisão / Recuperação 15/06: Prova Final

Leituras semains de textos postados na internet, indicados no website da disciplina e/ou disponibilizados no xerox CASTA (prédio 5, térreo, ao lado do Banrisul):

 

9 BIBLIOGRAFIA

 

9.1 BIBLIOGRAFIA BÁSICA

 

HUME, David. Tratado da Natureza Humana. Tradução de Déborah Danowski. São Paulo: Editora UNESP, 2001. (edição brasileira)
Tradução de Serafim da Silva Fontes. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 2002.

 

9.2 BIBLIOGRAFIA COMPLEMENTAR

 

COSSUTA, F. Elementos para a leitura dos textos filosóficos. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 1994.

FOLSCHEID, D. e WUNENBURGER, J-J. Metodologia filosófica. 2. ed. Traduzido por Paulo Neves. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2002.

MONTEIRO, João Paulo. Novos Estudos Humeanos. São Paulo: Discurso Ed., 2004.

NORTON, David F. (org.) The Cambridge Companion to Hume. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

OLIVEIRA, Nythamar Fernandes de. Tractatus ethico-politicus. Genealogia do ethos moderno. Coleção Filosofia N. 100. Porto Alegre: Edipucrs, 1999.

_____. "Teoria Ideal e Teoria Não-Ideal: Rawls entre Platão e Kant", in Ética e Justiça, org. Ricardo di Napoli et al. Santa Maria: Editora da UFSM. p. 95-116.

PRINZ, Jesse. The Emotional Construction of Morals. Oxford University Press, 2004.

_____. Furnishing the Mind: Concepts and Their Perceptual Basis. MIT Press, 2002.

_____. Gut Reactions: A Perceptual Theory of Emotion. OUP, 2004.

RAWLS, John. Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy. Org. Barbara Herman. Harvard University Press, 2000. Ed. brasileira: Martins Fontes.

SAUNDERS, C. Como estudar Filosofia. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2009.

WALTON, D. N. Lógica Informal. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2006.

WESTON, A. A construção do argumento. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2009.

 

Links Relacionados:

David Hume Home Page

David Hume Philosophy Pages

SparkNotes: Hume

SparkNotes: Hume's Treatise: Of Morals

Website do Prof. Nythamar "Ethics"

Website do Prof. Nythamar "Normativity"

Website Epistemologia Moral

Website do Prof. Jesse Prinz

YouTube: Cesar Kiraly sobre o Tratado da Natureza Humana (Livro I) de David Hume

Nythamar de Oliveira, Habermas e o Naturalismo

Wikipedia on Cognitive Science

Wikipedia sobre Ciência Cognitiva

YouTube: Daniel Dennett, Consciousness and Free Will

YouTube: António Damásio, Neurociências

YouTube: António Damásio, What role do emotions play in consciousness?

YouTube: Facundo Manes & Ivan Izquierdo, Los Enigmas del Cerebro –Memoria (Parte 1)

YouTube: Neuroscience of Emotions

Jesse Prinz's lecture about morality

Jesse Prinz, "Waiting for the Self"

Jesse J. Prinz on The Limits of Consciousness at the New York Psychoanalytic Society and Institute

J.J. Prinz's Experimental Philosophy

David Chalmers, Science of Consciousness

Conferencia de Jesse Prinz, PUC-Peru: "Emociones y moral"

Volume sobre pesquisas interdisiciplinares (cf. artigo de Almeida)

Brain Institute at PUCRS (Instituto do Cerebro)

Ficheiro "Tratado"

Wiki sobre o Tratado

Wiki on the Treatise

"Treatise" e-book (in English)

Website Ética Geral

Wiki sobre Filosofia Moderna

Wiki sobre David Hume

Wiki sobre Ética

Wiki entry on Philosophy

Wiki entry on Ethics

J.S. Mill, "What Utilitarianism is"

J.S. Mill, Utilitarismo

A Filosofia Moral de Immanuel Kant

Filosofia Latino-Americana

Website do Prof. Nythamar

Dr Miguel Nicolelis: Brain Control Brain (YouTube)

Website Filosofia Moderna Fafimc

Hobbes e o contratualismo

Tractatus ethico-politicus

World Social Forum

Adital: Noticias de América Latina y Caribe

The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Ethics

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Affirmative Action

PHIL 3750 Social and Political Philosophy

REL 1220-011 WORLD RELIGIONS and GLOBALIZATION

Critical Theory Seminar: Habermas and Honneth

Liberation Seminar: Latin American Theology and Political Philosophy

In God's Name: Reformed, Catholic, Jewish

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